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Interpretation of textile Martindale abrasion resistance standard

Interpretation of textile Martindale abrasion resistance standard

Abrasion of fabrics refers to the phenomenon that fabrics gradually wear out and break when repeatedly rubbed against each other or against other substances, while the testing principle of textile abrasion resistance refers to the ability of textiles to resist abrasion under the action of repeated friction by mechanical forces.


This paper reads and highlights the test standards related to abrasion resistance of Martindale textiles such as GB, ISO, EN and ASTM in detail, and organizes and categorizes the features and requirements of the corresponding standards in terms of scope of application, test principle, sample preparation, test procedure and result evaluation, so that readers can understand each relevant test standard conveniently, quickly and clearly.


In the process of use, the fabric will be subject to a variety of different external factors, especially often with the surrounding objects in contact with the project friction, resulting in different degrees of wear and tear and even damage to the fabric, affecting its use performance. Testing the abrasion resistance of the fabric can improve the efficiency of the use of textiles, is an important indicator of the quality of textile products.

Martindale Wear Resistant tester.gif

Abrasion performance


1, constant collision between fibers in the friction process, fiber fragments in the yarn due to fatigue damage fracture, resulting in the breakage of the yarn.

2, fiber is pulled out of the fabric, resulting in the loosening of the yarn and fabric structure, and the fiber may be completely pulled out under repeated action, resulting in thinning of the yarn and thinning of the fabric, or even disintegration.

3. fiber being cut and broken, resulting in the breakage of the yarn.

4. abrasion of the fiber surface, with loss of fragments on the fiber surface

5, friction generates high temperature, causing the fiber to melt or plastic deformation, affecting the structure and mechanical properties of the fiber.


The wear and tear is manifested in the change of fabric form mainly in the form of breakage, loss of quality, appearance of discoloration, pilling and other changes.

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